Russian forces ‘gradually withdrawing’ from Ukraine border
Ukrainian soldiers of the newly founded National Fuard take part in military exercises - AFP

KIEVUkraine on Monday reported a partial withdrawal of Russian troops from its eastern border, amid growing signs that the Kremlin is ready to defuse the worst East-West standoff since the Cold War.

The announcement came after a four-hour meeting in Paris between US Secretary of State John Kerry and Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov that ended with an exchange of political proposals and an agreement to talk again soon.

Ukraine and the United States have accused Russia of massing thousands of troops near the border after Moscow annexed the southern Crimea region last month in response to the fall of Ukraine’s Kremlin-backed president.

Both Washington and Kiev have been increasingly worried that Moscow intends to seize southeastern parts of Ukraine with large populations of ethnic Russians following the Crimea takeover.

In Berlin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s office said Russian President Vladimir Putin had personally informed her of the troop pullback in a phone call on Monday, while her Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier called the move “a small sign that the situation is becoming less tense.”

The United States said it would welcome any Russian move to pull its forces back, but did not confirm reports that Moscow had begun to do so.

The apparent easing of Moscow’s position was offset by an unannounced visit to Crimea by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev — the most senior Russian official to visit the Black Sea peninsula since it voted on March 16 to come under Kremlin rule.

Ukraine’s defense ministry said the start of the Russian drawdown appeared to coincide with a phone call that Putin had unexpectedly placed to US President Barack Obama on Friday evening.

“In recent days, the Russian forces have been gradually withdrawing from the border,” the ministry’s general staff spokesman Oleksiy Dmytrashkivskiy told AFP in a telephone interview.

He could not confirm how many soldiers were involved. US and EU officials had earlier estimated that Russia’s sudden military build-up had reached 30,000 to 40,000 troops.

Kiev’s Centre for Military and Political Studies analyst Dmytro Tymchuk said his sources were reporting only 10,000 Russian soldiers on the border by Monday morning.

Russia’s defense ministry confirmed on Monday it had relocated one battalion — usually comprised of about 500 soldiers — that had been stationed near Ukraine back to its permanent base, but reported no other movement of troops.

- ‘Russia hasn’t played by the rules’ -

Analysts say the focus now appears to be on preventing further Russian expansion into Ukraine and other neighboring countries, though US Secretary of State John Kerry has stressed that Washington still views the annexation of Crimea as “illegal and illegitimate.”

A $1-billion-plus US aid package to Ukraine which also imposes sanctions on Russia is expected to clear Congress on Tuesday and be signed off by Obama, ending a weeks-long impasse.

But there is already concern that the delayed legislation might be too little, and too late to have a substantial impact on resolving the most serious East-West confrontation since the end of the Cold War.

Kerry will join other NATO foreign ministers in Brussels on Tuesday, where the alliance will confirm the suspension of cooperation with Moscow, as agreed earlier in the month.

NATO has not ruled out the possibility of placing permanent military bases in the Baltic countries — breaking a promise made to Russia in the 1990s that it would keep permanent troops out of new member countries that border Russia.

“It is clear that Russia has not played by the rules, has not been consistent with our partnership… so we can review our own rules,” Douglas Lute, the US ambassador to NATO, said on Monday.

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