4,000-year-old tomb of a high official discovered in Luxor
Excavation works in Luxor - YOUM7 (Archive)
By RANY MOSTAFA

CAIRO: Minister of Antiquities Mohamed Ibrahim announced Monday the discovery of a 4,000 year old tomb in the Valley of the Nobles in Luxor’s west bank, according to Youm7.

“The rock-cut tomb is strongly believed to belong to a statesman and high official that lived during the reign of Mentuhotep II (2046 B.C.–1995 B.C.) whose cartouches are carved at the tomb’s door lintel,” said Ibrahim.

More studies are needed to define the name and titles of the tomb owner, he added

The tomb was discovered accidentally while a team of Spanish archaeologists tasked with excavations in the necropolis of Dra’ Abu el-Naga in the west bank of Luxor was cleaning the debris from a burial shaft of an adjacent tomb, according to Ibrahim.

“The Spanish mission found a 20-meter ‘serdab’; a tomb structure concealed or accessible by a narrow passage, linking between the said burial shaft and the newly discovered tomb,” Ibrahim said.

Mansour Breik, former Director General of Luxor Antiquities told The Cairo Post that the relatively huge size of the tomb, measuring 230 square meters with a square-shaped burial chamber of about 45 square meters indicates the importance of its owner.

“From the initial examination, the tomb is well preserved and features the ordinary offering and funerary scenes of the deceased before several Egyptian deities,” said Breik.

“Apart from its extraordinary size, remains of several mummies have been found inside the tomb’s 12 chambers; a feature that indicates the tomb could have been used as a cache to hide valuable treasures of other high officials or members of Mentuhotep II’s royal family,” he added.

The historical period prior to ancient Egypt’s 11th Dynasty is known among historians as the “First Intermediate Period” and is characterized with a notable increase in tomb robbery Breik added.

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