CAIRO: Amnesty International warned the Libyan government on Friday from “from descending into violence and lawlessness” after the execution four days ago of an Egyptian by an armed group called the Shura Council of Islamic Youth.
Amnesty in its Friday statement condemned the death of Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed, who was apparently killed by the group which effectively controls Derna, a city in eastern Libya.
A video circulated on social media, published Aug. 19 on multiple YouTube channels, seems to show the Egyptian victim being brought blindfolded onto a football pitch accompanied by armed masked men to be executed by shooting. A group of people watch the killing.
A statement read out prior to the execution accused Mohamed of stabbing to death a Libyan man, Khalid al-Dirsi. The statement says the accused admitted to committing murder and will be executed after the family of the Libyan victim refused to pardon him.
Amnesty said a man wearing plain clothes, believed to be Khalid’s brother, was seen shooting Mohamed from behind, possibly in the head or neck.
Thousands of Egyptians fled ongoing violence in Libya over the last few months, believing their lives to be in danger.
Libya is experiencing fierce fighting between rival militias, namely between troops affiliated with the government and insurgent militias describing themselves as “revolutionaries.” Fighting escalated mid-July.
“This unlawful killing realizes the greatest fears of ordinary Libyans, who in parts of the country find themselves caught between ruthless armed groups and a failed state,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director.
Amnesty blamed the Libyan government for losing control over the country after the end of Libya’s 2011 uprising against Muammar Gadhafi, adding, “there has been no police or army presence since then.”
Members of the judiciary have refused to work unless the state provides protection, following repeated threats to judges by armed forces who are exploiting the security vacuum to enforce their own interpretation of Islamic law (Sharia), said Amnesty.
“Execution-style killings, such as the one depicted in the video, contravene the fundamental principles of humanity enshrined in international humanitarian law,” the statement added.
Meanwhile, the Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry was scheduled to meet Saturday with the first deputy of the Libyan parliament speaker, Mohamed Ali Shuaib, and his accompanying delegation at the ministry headquarters, Youm7 reported.
The Foreign Ministry spokesperson Badr Abdel Atty told The Cairo Post Saturday morning that the meeting would be delayed because the Libyan delegation had not yet arrived in Cairo.
Abdel Atty said the meeting would discuss the latest developments in Libya, in addition to the situation of the Egyptian expatriates after the renewal of violence in the capital, Tripoli, and in other Libyan cities. He said Libyan authorities shoulder the responsibility of protecting Egyptians in Libya.