Organization type: Religious, educational
The main function of Dar Al-Ifta is the issuance of fatwas (religious verdicts) concerning all aspects of social, religious and political life, based on the readings and interpretations of Sheikhs. It is one of the main Islamic pillars in Egypt, next to Al-Azhar and the Ministry of Religious Endowments (Awqaf).
Dar Al-Ifta is led by Egypt’s Grand Mufti, currently Sheikh Shawqi Allam. Dar Al-Ifta was established in 1985 by the Khedive Abbas Helmi, as an affiliate of the Ministry of Justice. The Ministry of Justice consults the Grand Mufti for his opinion on verdicts of capital punishment, and others.
Dar Al-Ifta receives questions on various topics, which are then forwarded to the Fatwa Council, which then issues a fatwa answering the inquiry at hand. Dar Al-Ifta includes the Fatwa Council, the Legal Research Department, and a training center.