Born: November 19, 1954
President of Egypt.
Field Marshal Abdel Fatah al-Sisi is the former minister of defense and former deputy prime minister of the interim government. Sisi resigned as army chief on March 26, 2014 in order to run in presidential elections.
He was appointed as minister of defense by former President Mohamed Morsi in 2012 in place of Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi. Interim President Adly Mansour promoted Sisi on Jan. 27 from the rank of general to field marshal, the highest in the Egyptian military.
In 2006, Sisi published a thesis on democracy in the Middle East while studying at the U.S. Army War College. In it, Sisi writes that “Ideally, the legislative, executive, and judicial bodies should all take Islamic beliefs into consideration when carrying out their duties.”
There is speculation that this figured in to Morsi’s decision to name Sisi as minister of defense.
Sisi gained fame in the West after his announcement that the military had decided to oust then-president Mohamed Morsi on July 3, 2013, following a week of nationwide demonstrations.
On July 1, 2013, Sisi’s spokesperson Ahmed Ali announced that the military had set a 48-hour deadline for Morsi’s administration and the protesters to reconcile their differences. Morsi countered in an hours-long speech on July 2 that he would not leave his post.
Sisi spoke on state television at the end of the 48-hour period on July 3 to announce that the military, after consultation with the Coptic Pope, Al-Azhar, and the National Salvation Front, had ousted Morsi and instated Adly Mansour, the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court, as interim president, and Hazem al-Beblawy as interim prime minister. Sisi also announced that the military had suspended the constitution and the Shura Council (upper house of parliament), and would set a timeline for new elections.
Soon after the establishment of the interim government, a number of petition campaigns urging Sisi to run for the presidency emerged. At a seminar held on the occasion of Prophet Mohamed’s Birthday on Jan. 11, 2014 , Sisi said that he would run for president if the people and the military give him a “mandate.”
Sisi faced his single challenger Hamdeen Sabbahi in the presidential election held May 26-28, and the High Presidential Election Commission announced June 3 Sisi was the winner, having netted over 96 percent of votes.