Meet the scientists helping to draft Egypt’s new constitution

Three of Egypt’s most prominent scientists will be part of the 50-member committee drafting Egypt’s new constitution, announced yesterday. These men have a long history and have played leading roles in the medicine field, not only in Egypt and the Middle East but across the world. This is the first time they have been included in such a committee.

Cairo Post is giving you a chance to get to know them.

Dr. Magdy Yakob, world-leading surgeon 

Egyptian/British professor and heart surgeon Magdy Yakob was born on November 16, 1935 in Balbais, Sharqia. He comes from an Orthodox Christian family originally from Asyut, in Upper Egypt.

Yakob studied medicine at Cairo University, continued his education in Chicago, and then moved to the United Kingdom in 1962, working at a London hospital. He became a specialist in heart surgery and worked at Harvelt Hospital from 1969 until 2001, and became manager of the scientific research and education department there in 1992.

Yakob was nominated a professor at the National Institute for Heart and Lung in 1986. In 1980 he performed a heart transplant on Dirk Moris, who became the longest-living heart transplant recipient in Europe. Moris died in July 2005. He also operated on British comedian Eraic Morecamb, who was named “hero” by then-Princess Elizabeth in 1966 and was known as “the king of hearts” by the British masses.

Yakob retired from performing surgeries at the age of 65, but continues to work as a consultant and supervises limb transplant operations. In 2006 Yakob went back to the operation room to lead a difficult procedure in which they removed a child patient’s heart transplant after her original heart recovered.

He obtained fellowship from the Royal Surgeon faculty in London, and obtained titles and honorary degrees from many universities, including: Bronile University, Cardiff University, Lovbra University, Middlesex University, and Lund University in Sweden. He also holds honorary degrees from Lahour University in Pakistan and Sienna University in Italy.


Dr. Mohamed Abou el-Ghar, owner of the most famous center for children in Egypt

Dr. Mohamed Abou el-Ghar was born in 1940 in Shebin el-Kom city in Menoufia. He studied medicine at Cairo University and obtained his degree in 1962, then received a diploma in gynecology in 2965, as a general surgeon in 1966, a doctorate in gynecology in 1969, and has worked as a professor at Cairo University from 1979 until the present.

He established the first center for children tubes in Egypt in 1986 alone with Dr. Gamal Abu el-Sror and Dr. Ragga Mansour. He established Middle East committee for fecundity in1992, and led it for four years.

He established magazine of the Middle East committee for fecundity, and has worked as its editor since it was established in 1996. He has published more than 120 medical researches in international magazines and 100 medical researches in Egyptian magazines.

He wrote chapters in ten international books on barrenness and the gynecology field, and he wrote a medicinal book titled, “Incentive Bleacher” in 2010 through Cambridge University publishing house.

Outside of medicine, he has written three books: “Margin of Trip,” “Egypt’s Jews from Progress to Diaspora” (Dar El Helal, 2005), and “Waste University Freedom.” He established the March 9th group to defend the freedom of Egyptian universities and plays an important role in Egyptian policy.

He has also published more than 300 essays in Arabic and foreign magazines.


Dr. Mohamed Ghonim, leader of kidney transplants in Egypt and the Middle East          

Mohamed Ahmed Ghonim is THE name when it comes to kidney transplants in the Middle East. He was born March 19, 1939 in Cairo, then moved to Mansura. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine, Urology Department at Mansura University.

Ghonim is one of the leaders in kidney transplants. He became the first specialist in the area in the Middle East, and was also the first Egyptian doctor to announce support for the people of Gaza and declare to the world that Israel had used forbidden weapons, such as ‘dain’ bombs.

Ghonim won the Country Encouragement Award in medicine science in 1978, the King Faisal  International Award in 1999, and the Mubarak Science Award in 2001.

Ghonim drew the world’s attention to the abilities of Egyptian doctors after successfully carrying out the first kidney transplant in Egypt in 1976, assisted by a team of kidney specialists and urologists. He later established a special kidney and urology center at Mansura University.

Translated by Youm7.

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