CAIRO: European Union (EU) Higher Representative and Vice President (HRVP), Federica Mogherini has paid Egypt a two-day visit to sign cooperation a 68-million-Euros deal between the EU and Egypt on transporting natural gas to residential houses in Egypt.
She has met Tuesday with President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi discussing bilateral relations and regional issues of mutual concerns, particularly the Libyan security and political turmoil and illegal migration, said Egyptian Presidential Spokesperson Alaa Youssef in a statement Tuesday.
She held discussions with the Arab League Secretary-General Nabil al-Arabi to tackle the Libyan crisis, the both sides signed a cooperation protocol on facing the crises, Youm7 reported.
Mogherini has concluded her visit with a speech in Giza-based Cairo University.
The text of her speech is the following:
Oraheb bekom gameean … Oraheb be shabab Misr.
I welcome all of you, I welcome the youth of Egypt.
I am sorry I will switch to English now…
It is an honour for me to be here in Cairo, one of the great capitals not only of the past, of a glorious history, but of today, of our times, and of the future. One of the great capitals of the Mediterranean and of the Arab world.
Egypt served as an example for many years, valuing citizenship above sectarianism – I take Alexandria as the example of a city that thrived in cultural and religious diversity contributing to the world’s cultural heritage. And Egypt is, today, the cornerstone of the region.
But let me also say it is an honour to be at Cairo University, a world-class cultural institution, and the Alma Mater of three Nobel prizes [FYI: Naguib Mafouz, Yasser Arafat, Mohamed El Baradei]
- BEYOND THE CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS
I am glad I have the chance to meet so many young people today, and to represent the European Union here with you.
It is exactly one year since I took office, in the European Union institutions, and you might remember there has been a little bit of scepticism before I started, mainly due to my age – too young, someone said. Well, indeed I am the youngest among my colleagues in the European Commission, and for sure within the leadership of the EU. But I can tell you today: don’t let anyone use your age against you. It’s your strength. It’s your energy. It’s your capacity to dare, to dream, to have hope, and not to stop if people tell you that “it has never been done, so you cannot do it”. As one of the greatest men of our times, Mandela, showed us “it always seems impossible, til it’s done”. The power of change needs the energy of youth. And I know I can say this here, din front of really young people (not like me – at 42, you are not really young anymore…): when someone tells you that you are the future – of your country, of diplomacy, of business, of engineering, of academic work, of whatever you are interested in – always remember that yes, you are for sure the future. But you can also be the present. Especially when the present needs energy and vision as it does in these difficult times.
These are not easy times for this region, for our region, and for the world. Once again, we are confronted with forces that are trying to divide us.
Some tell us that there is a war between Islam and the rest of the world. They tell us that Europe, “Rome”, or the so-called West, are enemies to Islam and to Arabs. They lie to all of us – Arabs and Europeans alike.
]No clash of civilisations]: Let me be frank: there has been a time when in the so-called West many have fostered the narrative of a clash of civilisations. It was such a mistake, for so many reasons. Today, the idea of a clash of civilisations has been taken over by Da’esh – terrorists that encourage sectarianism to expand their own power, that exploit divisions for their own interest.
But is that our interest? Is that the interest of European youth, of Arab youth? I believe our common interest is rather the opposite. Our interest is defeating this narrative, wherever it might come from. And it is up to us.
If you look at our history, at our values and our future – there is much more that unites us. This is the real challenge today. Will we focus on what drives us apart, or what keeps us together? For how long will we let our differences define our relationship? For how long will we deny our common interests, following the easy but false rhetoric of a clash of civilizations, while so much – in our history and in our future – unites us? There are so many reasons for us to stand together. There is so much we have in common.
This is what drives me here today: the hope in a common future for Europe and the Arab world.
- SHARED HISTORY
Indeed, there have been dark pages. Dramatic ones. In old times, and in recent ones. But let me remind all of us that even during the crusades, a dark era in our relationship, an Italian like me – Francis of Assisi – came to Egypt to meet the sultan. In times of war, they talked about peace and faith. They chose to focus on what united people, not what drove them apart.[Shared values]: Today, what we share is much more powerful than the forces trying to divide us. We hold the same belief that all humans are equal – all the “children of Adam”, as the Holy Quran calls humanity. And we feel the same desire, the same aspiration for democracy, dignity, prosperity, and peace. This makes me believe that we don’t just share a long history: we can also share a common future. A future that will be as good as we will manage to shape it, together.
- 3. A COMMON AGENDA
[Iran deal]: From Libya, to Yemen, to Syria – these are dangerous times in the Middle East, North Africa and the Mediterranean, for our region. These times call for the all of us – in the region and in the international community – to come together, to work together. It’s when we manage to do so, that we manage to achieve results that everybody would have considered impossible before. The agreement we reached with Iran last summer is one of these. A deal that makes the whole region safer, and that is already paving the way for better relationship between Iran and all its neighbours – think of the unprecedented meeting we have had in Vienna last Friday, bringing to the table for the first time all relevant regional and international players, including Iran, to start a political process to finally solve the crisis in Syria, after more than four years of war. So, in the short/medium term, this might help us address the current crises. And in the long run, it gives us hope that a more peaceful Middle East is indeed possible. A Middle East free of weapons of mass destruction – this is the dream of my generation, it can be reality for yours.
[MEPP]: I know I can count on your questions and on the conversation we’ll have in a moment, to discuss more in depth the most recent crises. But let me mention an older conflict first. A conflict we must always keep in mind, even when we start thinking that being the oldest, it’s also the one we can easily manage, or contain. Even when the eye of international media turns away – and it often does, to go back only when people – often children – die again. I’m talking of the lack of peace process in the Middle East.
We must do all we can to end the violence between the Israelis and the Palestinians. Ultimately, only with two States will there be peace. A strong, brave, wise politician like Rabin knew it very well: only a Palestinian state would bring peace, and only peace would bring security to Israel.
An Israeli youngster of your age has your exact same right to live in security, free from fear. A Palestinian youngster of your age deserve rights and prosperity. The people of Gaza deserve a normal life. All this will only be possible with a viable, strong and peaceful State of Palestine.
]Quartet plus]: The European Union strongly believes in this perspective. Ultimately, it is up to the Israeli and the Palestinian leaders to turn the page and choose peace. But we can all do our part to help them take the right decision. For this reason, the European Union has pushed to invite key Arab countries to join our Quartet meetings, as has been happening these last months. All regional powers share an interest in ending the conflict – and ever more so today, when the whole Middle East is in turmoil.
[Daesh vs. peace in the Holy Land]: Tension in the Holy Places can only play in the hands of terrorists of all kinds. It can facilitate radicalisation and recruitment. It can reinforce their narrative of a war of religion.
On the other hand, think what peace in the Holy Land could do. Think of a pacified Jerusalem, a city for all the children of Abraham, a capital for two States. How sweet would that be; what a powerful message would it send to the whole Middle East, to the whole world. That living together, in dignity and respect of diversity, is possible and indeed beneficial for all.
[Diversity, inclusive societies]: Diversity is what makes the Middle East so rich, and unique. It’s also what makes Europe so rich, and unique. It’s our strength. Da’esh wants to destroy all that. Dampen the colours of this region, and turn them into black.We have a duty to preserve such diversity, and to help all minorities stay in their own land. Arab Christians have lived here for millennia. The Copts are part of the beautiful history of this country. And the same goes for Kurds, Yazidis, Alawites, Druze, as well as for Shias and Sunnis.
To preserve such diversity we need of course to fight and defeat Daesh. But at the same time, to fight and defeat Daesh we need to preserve such diversity. Their ultimate defeat will only be possible if we build open, inclusive societies and democracies. It is true for Syria, for Iraq, for Libya, as it is for all our societies, including the European ones.
[Daesh vs. Islam]: Still, this is not just about politics. It is also about culture, and faith. Da’esh is putting forward an unprecedented attempt to pervert Islam. It is a movement that, rather than preserving Islam, wants us to trash centuries of Islamic culture in the name of their own fight for power. This is not glorious, this is simply destructive. (It seems to me that) Daʼesh is not a friend but an enemy to Islam in today’s world. Its victims are first and foremost Muslim people. Islam itself is a victim of their despicable acts.
[Religious authorities and social media vs. Daesh]: It is crucial for religious and cultural authorities to challenge the narrative of Da’esh. Al Azhar is playing an important role in this, and I am truly grateful to them. But this is also up to you, especially in the younger generations. King Abdullah of Jordan, speaking at the United Nations last September, said: “Let’s amplify the voice of moderation”. Now, I know that sometimes the word “moderation” is not the most attractive one, especially for young people. But you can aim high, have strong feelings and beliefs, and be wise and rational, at the same time. In our difficult times, being brave and visionary means investing in open, inclusive societies. Societies where everyone can find his or her own place.
]A young region]: The median age in Egypt is 25. This is a young country in a young region. There is so much potential for change and development, so much energy. The real challenge is making the most out of this potential.[Youth entrepreneurship project]: If we do not provide a future for our young people, they might seek out those who promise alternative futures. Here as well as in Europe. So jobs and livelihoods are also a part of how we can defeat terrorism.
The European Union over the past three years has provided one million euros to young entrepreneurs and start-ups in Egypt, but also in Lebanon and the Palestinian territories. We have given to hundreds of them the opportunity to live their dream. There are many more creative minds here in this auditorium and across the region, just waiting to prove what they can achieve. The key to our common future is our common capacity to give them the opportunity to do it.
]Education, women]: This is about investments, and a proper business environment. But it is also – and primarily – about education. Everyone should be able to get the education they want and they need. Starting from girls and women. This is a crucial point when talking about women rights, but it is about much more than that, it’s about the quality of our societies, of our economies, of our countries. Let me tell you: a country where women don’t have equal access to education is not only less free, but much poorer.
- ISLAM AND EUROPE
]Refugee crisis and European values]: Also in this, we are together. European women are still fighting for their own equality on many aspects. Youth unemployment in many European countries is way too high. And our own societies are not always open and inclusive as they should. In fact, the current refugee crisis is putting us to the test. It is a test for our values, more than for our economies. It is a test for our internal and external solidarity. It is a test for Europe as a homeland of diversity, of inclusiveness, of opportunities for all.
[Muslims in Europe]: There are people in Europe who are trying to convince us that a Muslim cannot be a good European citizen. They tell us that more Muslims in Europe will be the end of Europe. These people are not just mistaken about Muslims: these people are mistaken about Europe. Many European countries have large and integrated Muslim communities. Europe is strong when it is confident and open. And we do have all the good reasons for being confident and open.
]Us and them]: Any narrative opposing “us” and “them” makes no sense at all: Christians versus Muslims; Europeans versus Arabs; migrants versus locals. It is not “the other” who will tear our societies apart: it is the fear of the other.
]Our responsibility]: It’s our responsibility today, in these difficult times for our part of the world, to focus on what keeps us together, not what divides us. It is our responsibility to work for unity, mutual understanding and respect. It is our responsibility to build new partnerships between Europe and the Arab world. We have so much in common. We face the same challenges. We hold the same fundamental beliefs. We share a long history, let us build our future together.
Shukran, and may peace be upon you.