Infection control measures taken after 3 HIV cases detected in Delta
A nurse (L) hands out a red ribbon to a woman, to mark World Aids Day, at the entrance of Emilio Ribas Hospital, in Sao Paulo December 1, 2014. REUTERS/NACHO DOCE

CAIRO: Infection control measures were taken after a 25-year old housewife was diagnosed with HIV virus in Delta’s Kafr el-Sheikh, the third such case, the head of precautionary medicine Alaa Eid told Youm7 Sunday.

“Nothing to worry about,” Eid said, adding that the infected woman underwent medical examination in a Kidney dialysis unit, and that appropriate procedures to prevent the spread of the communicable disease among the patients were taken.

The woman entered the hospital 10 days ago suffering Pneumonia and kidney failure; she was then taken to a fever hospital.

The second case was for the woman’s husband, who carried the virus after he returned from his work in the Red Sea Resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, according to the housewife.

While for the third case, it was for a young man who was also working in Sharm el-Sheikh and had contracted the disease through sexual intercourse. He first entered the hospital with fever and flu symptoms, but his status did not improve, and after medical tests, he tested positive to the virus; he is now receiving treatment.

“HIV-positive people should enjoy same medical service that any other patient gets, with the infection control measures being considered,” Eid said.

According to the UNAIDS annual global gap report based on national data, the number of people over fifteen years of age living in Egypt with HIV in 2014 was 7,200 with a range of 4,400 to 12,000.

The number of HIV cases in Egypt remains at low levels, according to UNICEF, which however stated that Egypt is showing evidence of growing epidemics among most at-risk populations such as intravenous drug users (which constitute below 5% along with other factors like blood transmission and mother-child transmission.)

According to UNICEF statistics, around 71 percent of the cases detected in Egypt occur through sexual contact, with heterosexual transmission representing almost half of the cases.

Cases that contract the virus through renal dialysis and other unknown ways represent 9%.

HIV-AIDs related stigma impose serious obstacles in the way of effective prevention and care needed for people testing positive to the virus, who mostly fear of discrimination and keeps them away from seeking treatment, according to a report titled “Combating HIV/AIDS related-stigma in Egypt.”

Meanwhile, Egypt is fighting different types of flu that recur in the winter; the swine flu has been reported in several governorates but health officials maintain reassurance that the virus will not hit an outbreak similar to that in 2009, which killed hundreds.

Avian or birdflu virus (H5N1,) with the death toll reaching 41 in 2015. The virus first appeared in the country in 2006 with most cases detected in impoverish rural areas that raise poultry.

Additional reporting by Waleed Abdel Salam and Mohamed Soliman

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