CAIRO: A total of 4,065 Egyptians contracted Brucellosis, a disease that mainly affects livestock, in 2015, Amr Kandil, head of Preventive Medicine Department at the Health Ministry, told Youm7.
The disease is caused by gram-negative bacteria, and the incubation period extends from two to 10 weeks.
Humans can be infected with the disease when they come into contact with infected animals, mostly sheep, cattle, goats, pigs and dogs, or ingest non-pasteurized dairy products or uncooked meat from infected animals, Kandil said.
He added that a public awareness against eating non-pasteurized dairy products is underway, as well as programs to educate farmers and slaughterhouse workers at packing factories and butcher shops when dealing with animals, in addition to vaccination of animals.
The disease may begin with symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain, excessive sweating, back and joint pain, headache and chills. Person-to-person infection is reportedly rare.
In 2014, state-run news agency MENA reported that the rate of infection in Delta’s Kafr el-Sheikh reduced to 117 cases against 162 cases in 2013.