Egypt’s business digest Oct. 24: Egyptian authorities confiscate sugar at country’s largest food producer; Japan to give Egypt $460 mln in soft loan to resume construction of Grand Egyptian Museum
Construction workers are seen at the site of the new Grand Egyptian Museum near the Giza pyramids in Cairo on June 4, 2015. Hundreds of artefacts, never before displayed, are set to be unveiled in a "mega museum" under construction near the Giza pyramids. AFP PHOTO / KHALED DESOUKI

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Japan to give Egypt $460 mln in soft loan to resume construction of Grand Egyptian Museum

Egyptian Minister of International Cooperation Sahar Nasr and Japanese ambassador to Cairo Takehiro Kagawa will sign on Monday a deal, per which Egypt will receive $460 million in soft loan with 1.5 percent interest, to resume the construction of the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM), Youm7 reported.

Takehiro voiced his hope that the construction of the museum to be complete by the end of 2016 to be inaugurated by President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe by 2022.

Built over 120 acres of land, GEM is located 2 km southwest of the Giza Pyramids and was scheduled to be inaugurated in August 2015, but due to funding issues it has been delayed until August 2018.

The construction of the three-phase project, which includes the construction of the museum’s main building and implementation of the master plan, landscape parks and surrounding site infrastructure, began in March 2012. Two phases have currently been completed.



Egypt chases own energy sources as government struggle to meet demand

(Reuters) Egypt will boost production of natural gas to 5 billion cubic feet per day in the 2017-2018 fiscal year as the giant Zohr field comes online, but will still also ramp up gas imports to feed a spike in consumption, Oil Minister Tarek El Molla said.

Once an energy exporter, Egypt has turned into a net importer in recent years, squeezed by declining production and increasing consumption. The shortfall and squeezed finances have forced the government to ration gas supplies to industry, with some plants unable to operate at full capacity as a result.

Egypt’s Oil Ministry is racing to reverse that trend, speeding up the development of major gas discoveries with a stated goal of achieving energy self-sufficiency by 2020-21.

Next year Zohr, the offshore field discovered by Italy’s Eni (ENI.MI) in August 2015, comes online. Zohr is the biggest gas field in the Mediterranean with an estimated 30 trillion cubic feet.

Further boosting supply, BP’s (BP.L) northern Alexandria field is also due to enter production next year.

“Eni will begin producing about 1 billion cubic feet a day from Zohr at the end of 2017 and there is also the production of BP at around 450 to 500 million cubic feet a day,” he said at Reuters Middle East Investment Summit.

“We’re still looking to have (gas) production reach over 7.5 billion cubic feet in 2020-21, and this will allow us to achieve self-sufficiency.”

Zohr is expected to produce 2.5-3 billion cubic feet per day when it reaches peak production in 2019.

Egypt’s domestic gas production is currently about 4.35 billion cubic feet per day versus consumption of around 5.2 billion, Molla said.

Egypt’s gas company EGAS will also launch a new exploration tender in early 2017, offering nine to 11 concessions, as part of efforts to boost production, the minister added.

But even with the expected increase in production to 5 billion cubic feet of gas per day, Egypt’s gas production is likely to fall far short of rapidly growing consumption in the 2017-2018 fiscal year, which begins in July.

Gas consumption is set to spike as three Siemens (SIEGn.DE) power plants come online over the next year designed to boost electricity generation by 50 percent by 2018.


Egypt has emerged as a major buyer of liquefied natural gas (LNG).

State gas buyer EGAS said last week it would hold an international tender for 48 to 56 LNG cargoes, the first batch of roughly 120 cargoes expected for 2017.

A third floating and storage regasification unit (FSRU), an import terminal that converts LNG to natural gas to feed the power grid, is expected to arrive at the end of June 2017 and will help process the surge in gas needed once the Siemens plants enter the energy grid, Molla said.

Egypt is expected to begin imports from France’s Engie (ENGIE.PA) in early 2017 as part of a previously agreed memorandum of understanding to buy 12 cargoes, Molla said.

Molla said the import bill for LNG this year would be roughly $3 billion and that Egypt spends some $700-$800 million on both LNG and petroleum products monthly.

That bill rose sharply in October after Saudi Aramco halted delivery of petroleum aid agreed as part of a five-year plan to ease Egypt’s energy spending.

State petroleum buyer EGPC said it would allocate over $500 million to cover its October needs after the cutoff. The status of the aid and reason for its halt remain unclear.

The state’s 2016-17 budget had aimed to reduce subsidy expenditure, targeting 35.04 billion Egyptian pounds from the 51 billion spent in 2015-16.

But the rise in oil prices in recent months will increase the state’s subsidy bill, which was about 12-13 billion Egyptian pounds ($1.4-1.5 billion) during the first quarter of the 2016-17 fiscal year, Molla said.

“The rise in oil prices worldwide will no doubt change subsidy spending, because a third of what we consume we import, so the bill will increase,” he said.


Slovakian delegation arrives in Egypt in December for investments in Suez Canal Corridor

A Slovakian delegation will visit Egypt in early December to discuss the ways of enhancing the bilateral cooperation, announced Egyptian Ministry of Trade and Industry Tareq Qabil.

The Minister met on Sunday with Slovakian ambassador to Cairo Mrs. Tatyana Chusheva, discussed preparation measures for the visit the projects both sides to discuss, Youm7 reported.

The visit will witness signing of certain Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) in many investment sectors, the Egyptian minister added.

The Slovakian delegation include CEOs of a total of 15 companies, particularly which are working in agriculture and electronic industry. The under-negotiation projects concern investment in Suez Canal Corridor, the Minister noted.


Egyptian authorities confiscate sugar at country’s largest food producer

(Reuters) Egyptian authorities seized sugar stocks at Edita Food Industries, one of the country’s largest food producers, on Saturday, a move that may force the company to suspend its operations, Edita’s chairman told Reuters.

At supermarkets across the country sugar has all but vanished, prompting media talk of a crisis and pushing the state to rapidly increase imports despite an acute dollar shortage and soaring global prices of the sweetener.

The government has blamed the crisis on local factories and profiteering traders hoarding stocks to push up price.

A supply ministry official told Reuters that 2,000 tons of sugar stocks were confiscated after Edita was unable to show original invoices for quantities held at its Beni Suef factory.

Edita, which holds local ownership of international brands Twinkies, HoHos and Tiger Tail in Egypt, Libya, Jordan and Palestine, denied it had hoarded sugar.

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