Arabic: جهاز مباحث أمن الدولة
Egypt’s State Security Investigations Service (SSI), locally known as Amn Dawla, was created in 1913 by the British occupation in Egypt to follow and spy on patriots and judges who fought against the occupation. It was dissolved in April 2011 following the January 25 Revolution.
SSI was originally named ‘Political Security Service’ and the British enlisted the help of the Egyptian secret police, headed by Selim Zaki, in its creation.
After the 1952 Revolution it became known as General Investigation, and under the presidency of Anwar Sadat it became known as State Security Investigation and was affiliated to the Ministry of Interior.
Following Egypt’s January 25 Revolution, the SSI was disbanded in April 2011 by the interim government and a new security service, Amn Watany, was created. Egyptians blame the SSI for numerous acts of torture, killing, unreported detentions, and other violations of human and civil rights in Egypt under the Emergency Law.
Popular myth says there are unmarked graves below its headquarters across the country.
By law, the duties of the SSI were as follows:
1- Protect the country’s security from abroad and inside;
3- Deal with banned religious parties, such as the Muslim Brotherhood;
4- Concern with illegal arms;
5- Cooperate with Egyptian Intelligence Services in spying cases.