Key members: George Ishak (founder); Abdel-Halim Qandil (former spokesman)
Mission: Oposition to the regime of former President Hosni Mubarak and the possibility of his son, Gamal Mubarak, inheriting the presidency.
Kefaya was founded in 2004 as a protest movement, developing from and contributing to the first public demonstrations against Mubarak. Kefaya’s first demonstration, held on December 12, 2004, was an historic event, according to founder George Ishak: it was the first occasion a protest was organized solely to demand that the president step down.
Credited by some with being the first to crack the ‘wall of fear’ between the Egyptian government and the people, Kefaya had its strongest days in 2005 during the constitutional referendum and presidential elections.
Subsequently Kefaya lost much of its momentum, suffering from internal dissent, leadership change, and a general frustration at the apparent inability of Egypt’s political opposition to force the pace of reform.
Since 2004 Kefaya has remained a name equated with activism and opposition to the former Mubarak regime. Following Mubarak’s resignation in February 2011, a result of the January 25 Revolution, the future of Kefaya is uncertain.