Arabic: المجلس الأعلى للآثار
Secretary General: Mustafa Amin
A primary branch of the Ministry of Antiquities, the Supreme Council of Antiquities is responsible for the conservation, protection, and regulation of all antiquities and any archaeological excavations that take place in Egypt.
They function as an agent for the restoration and preservation of Egyptian monuments while overseeing the work of any foreign archaeologists who work in Egypt.
Between 2002 and 2008, the council retrieved over 3,000 stolen or illegally exported artifacts.
The SCA formerly fell under the Ministry of Culture until the Ministry of Antiquities was formed. Both the SCA and Ministry of Antiquities have been headed by Zahi Hawass until recently, when Hawass was stripped of his position by a Cairo court over a legal dispute.
The headquarters of the SCA are located in the Cairo neighborhood of Zamalek.