Shura Council (Arabic: مجلس الشورى )
The Shura Council is the upper house of the Egyptian Parliament. It was established in 1980 through a constitutional amendment.
The Shura Council is composed of 264 members. One-third (88 members) are appointed by the president and the rest are directly elected. Each term is six years. The powers of the Shura Council are laid out in Chapter 7, Part 1 of the 1971 Constitution.
The council has limited legislative powers. It discusses proposals that aim at amending Egypt’s constitution and agreements that may affect Egypt’s sovereignty or integrity.
Before Egypt’s 2011 Revolution, the Shura Council also oversaw the Political Parties Committee, which regulated the formation of political parties in Egypt.