Arabic: الديمقراطى الوطني لحزب
Founded: 1978 Dissolved: April 16, 2013
Organization type: Political party
Mission: Initialized to establish a constitutional democratic government, preserving Egypt’s Socialist legacy and rejected the “theory of the single party”
The National Democratic Party (NDP) was founded in 1978 by the late President Anwar el-Sadat in reaction against Gamal Abdel Nasser’s single-party rule. After Sadat’s assassination, then Vice-President Hosni Mubarak took over leadership of the party.
On April 16, 2013 the NDP was officially dissolved by order of the Supreme Administrative Court and its assets were ordered returned to the state.
In 2000 the NDP began to revive its program. Mubarak’s youngest son, Gamal, was named head of the policies committee and soon key positions were filled with people close to him. Mubarak had just begun his fourth six-year term in office and speculation was beginning that Gamal was being groomed to inherit the presidency from his father.
The NDP has controlled nearly every aspect of Egyptian political life over the last 30 years, from dominating both houses of parliament to controlling the Political Parties Committee, which regulates the licenses of political parties.
At the beginning of Egypt’s January 25 Revolution, the party’s secretary general, Mohamed Ragab, expelled 21 party members, including many top figures. Businessman Ahmed Ezz, former Minister of Industry and Trade Rashid Mohamed Rashid, former Minister of Interior Habib El-Adly, former Finance Minister Yousef Butrous Ghali, and former Minister of Information Anas al-Fiqi are amongst those expelled.
Ragab also called for a meeting to elect a new president of the party after the expulsion of former President Hosni Mubarak.
Gamal Mubarak, Safwat el-Sherif, and other party members handed in their resignations in the weeks after Mubarak’s ouster.
The decision to expel some members and accept the resignation of others came as part of a move to ‘clean’ the party of those currently facing corruption charges or who were part of the old or new guard of the ousted regime, according to Ragab.